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(facial spots)

Do you know what causes melasma and how you can treat it?
Find out in this article.

What causes melasma or facial spots?

Melasma is nothing more than dark spots on the skin, located mainly in the face area. They can also appear on other parts of the body that suffer a lot of sun exposure. Melasma usually appears in women between the ages of 20 and 50 and is divided into different types: epidermal melasma, dermal melasma and mixed. These differences have to do with the depth at which the dark pigment is concentrated.

There are several factors that favor the emergence of melasma, but the main reason is sun exposure. That is, most people with melasma have a history of daily or intermittent exposure to the sun. However, there are other factors that lead to the appearance of melasma, such as the use of contraceptives or other medications, hormonal factors, genetic predisposition, pregnancy and certain diseases.

How to treat melasma?

There are several treatments that help reduce the appearance of melasma, but no treatment promotes lifetime results. That is, the treatment for melasma must be constant in order to maintain the results since, as soon as the treatment is interrupted, the melasma reappears.

Before starting any treatment for melasma, you should start a sun exposure care routine that includes daily application of sun protection with a minimum protection factor (SPF) 50 in the areas to be treated. It is important to give preference to creams that protect against UVA and UVB rays. From there, you can start treatments with whitening substances, such as glycolic acid, retinoic acid and azelaic acid.

Find out which are the most suitable treatments to treat melasma: 

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